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Bankkredite wichtig für Unternehmensinvestitionen


  • Nadja Dwenger
  • Frank M. Fossen
  • Martin Simmler


How important are bank loans for corporate investment? A joint research paper by DIW Berlin, University of Hohenheim and Freie Universitaet Berlin shows that the overall amount borrowed by firms decreases if their relationship banks reduce their credit supply. As a consequence, firms have to downsize their investment spending and labor employment. This way, bank distress spills over to the real economy. However, the reduction in investment is smaller than the reduction in banks’ credit supply as firms are able to mitigate part of the shortage in credit supply by using other sources of financing. Welche Bedeutung haben Bankkredite für Unternehmensinvestitionen? Eine gemeinsame Studie des DIW Berlin, der Universität Hohenheim und der Freien Universität Berlin zeigt, dass ein Rückgang des Kreditangebots der Hausbanken zu einer geringeren Fremdkapitalaufnahme von Unternehmen führt. Dies wiederum reduziert deren Investitionstätigkeit und Arbeitsnachfrage. Banken, die über ausreichend Eigenmittel für die Vergabe von Unternehmenskrediten verfügen, sind daher wichtig für die gesamtwirtschaftliche Investitionstätigkeit und das Schaffen von Arbeitsplätzen. Allerdings führt ein Rückgang des Bankkreditangebots nicht in vollem Umfang zu geringeren Investitionen, da Unternehmen ein verringertes Kreditangebot durch Verwendung anderer Finanzierungsformen teilweise ausgleichen können.

Suggested Citation

  • Nadja Dwenger & Frank M. Fossen & Martin Simmler, 2015. "Bankkredite wichtig für Unternehmensinvestitionen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 82(40), pages 899-903.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwob:82-40-3

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    Financial crisis; contagion; credit rationing; relationship lending; investment;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm


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