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Zum Erfordernis der Bestandsorientierung in der integrierten Raum- und Verkehrspolitik

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  • Axel Stein

Abstract

Integrated spatial and transport policies are bound to sustainability. A special role is given to public transport, as it - among the modes of ecomobility - serves as a conceptional back-bone at the regional level, and as it - due to its limited flexibility - is particularly dependent on the design of the settlement system. This paper shows with a regional case study that even under the condition of spatial change (here: urban sprawl) the composition of the spatial and transport system is so permanent (persistent) that without renunciation of road investments the system will not become more sustainable, that each mode of ecomobility serves a spatially different role, and that regionally efficient settlement control is indispensable to support this. As public scope of action remains to be limited, integrated spatial and transport policies will tend to asset orientation. Integrierte Raum- und Verkehrspolitik ist der Nachhaltigkeit verpflichtet. Eine besondere Rolle kommt dabei dem öffentlichen Personenverkehr zu, da er innerhalb des Umweltverbunds gerade auf regionaler Ebene die Funktion eines konzeptionellen Rückgrates übernimmt und wegen seiner begrenzten Flexibilität erhöhte Anforderungen an die Ausgestaltung des Siedlungssystems stellt. In diesem Beitrag wird anhand eines regionalen Beispieles dargestellt, dass trotz räumlicher Veränderungsprozesse (hier: Suburbanisierung) die dauerhafte Beschaffenheit (Persistenz) des Raum- und Verkehrssystems so groß ist, dass nur bei Verzicht auf Investitionen in die Straßeninfrastruktur das System nachhaltiger werden kann, dass die Aufgabenzuweisung innerhalb des Umweltverbundes räumlich differenziert erfolgen muss und dass letztlich die im regionalen Kontext gesteuerte Siedlungsentwicklung zur Gewährleistung der Aufgabenwahrnehmung von erheblicher Bedeutung ist. Letzten Endes läuft dies angesichts begrenzter staatlicher Handlungsspielräume auf eine stärkere Bestandsorientierung in der integrierten Raum- und Verkehrspolitik hinaus.

Suggested Citation

  • Axel Stein, 2010. "Zum Erfordernis der Bestandsorientierung in der integrierten Raum- und Verkehrspolitik," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 79(2), pages 113-126.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:79-2-7
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    Keywords

    Public transport; settlement system; sustainability;

    JEL classification:

    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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