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Active Intermediation In Overlapping Generations Economies With Production And Unsecured Debt

  • Pingle, Mark
  • Tesfatsion, Leigh

Why does the First Welfare Theorem fail in standard overlapping generations economies with production, such as Diamond (AER, 1965) and Tirole (Econometrica, 1985)? This study argues that the reason for this failure can be attributed to the passive intermediation role played by the Walrasian Auctioneer in this models. Specifically, the study demonstrates that when intermediation is instead modeled as a contestable activity carried out by corporate intermediaries owned by consumer-shareholders and operated in their interest, every equilibrium is Pareto efficient. Annotated pointers to related work can be accessed here:

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Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal Macroeconomic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 2 (1998)
Issue (Month): 02 (June)
Pages: 183-212

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Handle: RePEc:cup:macdyn:v:2:y:1998:i:02:p:183-212_00
Contact details of provider: Postal: Cambridge University Press, UPH, Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge CB2 8BS UK
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  1. Grandmont, Jean-Michel & Laroque, Guy, 1973. "Money in the pure consumption loan model," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 382-395, August.
  2. David Cass & Menahem E. Yaari, 1965. "A Re-Examination of the Pure Consumption Loans Model," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 195, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  3. Pingle, M. & Tesfatsion, Leigh S., 1991. "Overlapping Generations, Intermediation, and the First Welfare Theorem," Staff General Research Papers 11185, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  4. Mark L. Gertler, 1988. "Financial Structure and Aggregate Economic Activity: An Overview," NBER Working Papers 2559, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Mark Pingle & Leigh Tesfatsion, 1993. "``Active Intermediation in a Monetary Overlapping Generations Economy''," Macroeconomics 9312001, EconWPA, revised 04 Dec 1993.
  6. Gale, David, 1973. "Pure exchange equilibrium of dynamic economic models," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 12-36, February.
  7. Balasko, Yves & Shell, Karl, 1980. "The overlapping-generations model, I: The case of pure exchange without money," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 281-306, December.
  8. Barro, Robert J, 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1095-1117, Nov.-Dec..
  9. Bennett T. McCallum, 1986. "The Optimal Inflation Rate in an Overlapping-Generations Economy with Land," NBER Working Papers 1892, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Grandmont Jean-michel, 1983. "On endogenous competitive business cycles," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 8316, CEPREMAP.
  11. Shell, Karl, 1971. "Notes on the Economics of Infinity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 79(5), pages 1002-11, Sept.-Oct.
  12. Balasko, Yves & Shell, Karl, 1981. "The overlapping-generations model. II. The case of pure exchange with money," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 112-142, February.
  13. Hannan, Timothy H & Berger, Allen N, 1991. "The Rigidity of Prices: Evidence from the Banking Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 938-45, September.
  14. Pingle, M. & Tesfatsion, Leigh S., 1998. "Active Intermediation in an Monetary Overlapping Generations Economy," Staff General Research Papers 1227, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  15. Tirole, Jean, 1985. "Asset Bubbles and Overlapping Generations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(6), pages 1499-1528, November.
  16. Bryant, John, 1981. "Bank Collapse and Depression," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 13(4), pages 454-64, November.
  17. Tesfatsion, Leigh, 1997. "How Economists Can Get Alife," Staff General Research Papers 1685, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  18. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467.
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