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The Empire Struck Back: Sanctions and Compensation in the Mexican Oil Expropriation of 1938


  • Maurer, Noel


The Mexican expropriation of 1938 was the first large-scale non-Communist expropriation of foreign-owned natural resource assets. The literature makes three assertions: the United States did not fully back the companies, Mexico did not fully compensate them for the value of their assets, and the oil workers benefitted from the expropriation. This article finds that none of those assertions hold. The companies devised political strategies that maneuvered a reluctant President Roosevelt into supporting their interests, and the Mexican government more than fully compensated them as a result. Neither wages for oil workers nor Mexican government oil revenue rose after the expropriation.

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  • Maurer, Noel, 2011. "The Empire Struck Back: Sanctions and Compensation in the Mexican Oil Expropriation of 1938," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 71(03), pages 590-615, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:jechis:v:71:y:2011:i:03:p:590-615_00

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stephen Broadberry & Bishnupriya Gupta, 2009. "Lancashire, India, and shifting competitive advantage in cotton textiles, 1700-1850: the neglected role of factor prices -super-1," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 62(2), pages 279-305, May.
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