Geography, Timing, and Technology: A GIS-Based Analysis of Pennsylvania's Iron Industry, 1825 1875
This article examines key questions about the development of Pennsylvania s mid-nineteenth-century iron industry. The analysis is based on new data and exhaustive examination of previously underutilized sources within the framework of a geographic information system (GIS). Hypotheses are tested on the timing of adoption of mineral-fuel technologies across the state; the temporal relationships between investment in ironworks, business cycles, and tariff policy; the substitutability of different types and qualities of iron; how transport costs affected iron prices; and the geographical segmentation of iron markets in the antebellum period. The findings reveal complex and dynamic patterns of regional economic development.
Volume (Year): 66 (2006)
Issue (Month): 03 (September)
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Web page: http://journals.cambridge.org/jid_JEH
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