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The GATT and the regulation of trade barrier: regime dynamics and functions


  • Finalyzson, Jock A.
  • Zacher, Mark W.


Since the Second World War complex and changing sets of norms and rules have governed trade relations among most countries. They have largely originated from a unique and accidental international organization, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). We have labeled these norms, rules, and decision-making mechanisms the GATT regime or global trade barriers regime. The importance that GATT members have attached to certain norms has shaped the regime's procedural mechanisms, rules, and implementation of rules. Classifying those norms as sovereignty or interdependence norms, we posit that the strength or autonomy of the regime can be established by analyzing the prominence of the interdependence norms in the issue area. We close by exploring some of the functions of the regime in international trade and political relations.

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  • Finalyzson, Jock A. & Zacher, Mark W., 1981. "The GATT and the regulation of trade barrier: regime dynamics and functions," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 35(04), pages 561-602, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:intorg:v:35:y:1981:i:04:p:561-602_03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Antoine Gervais & J. Bradford Jensen, 2013. "The Tradability of Services: Geographic Concentration and Trade Costs," NBER Working Papers 19759, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Alan S. Blinder & Alan B. Krueger, 2013. "Alternative Measures of Offshorability: A Survey Approach," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(S1), pages 97-128.
    3. Edward E. Leamer, 2007. "A Flat World, a Level Playing Field, a Small World After All, or None of the Above? A Review of Thomas L Friedman's The World is Flat," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 45(1), pages 83-126, March.
    4. repec:cup:apsrev:v:83:y:1989:i:02:p:567-573_08 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:cup:apsrev:v:105:y:2011:i:01:p:166-188_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:cup:apsrev:v:96:y:2002:i:03:p:593-608_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. J. Bradford Jensen, 2011. "Global Trade in Services: Fear, Facts, and Offshoring," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 6017.
    8. Ron S Jarmin & Javier Miranda, 2002. "The Longitudinal Business Database," Working Papers 02-17, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
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    Cited by:

    1. Molsberger, Josef & Kotios, Angelos, 1990. "Ordnungspolitische Defizite des GATT," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 6, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    2. Giovanni Maggi, 1999. "The Role of Multilateral Institutions in International Trade Cooperation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(1), pages 190-214, March.
    3. Alex Danso, 1990. "The causes and impact of the african debt crisis," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 19(1), pages 5-21, June.

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