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Testing For White Noise Under Unknown Dependence And Its Applications To Diagnostic Checking For Time Series Models


  • Shao, Xiaofeng


Testing for white noise has been well studied in the literature of econometrics and statistics. For most of the proposed test statistics, such as the well-known Box–Pierce test statistic with fixed lag truncation number, the asymptotic null distributions are obtained under independent and identically distributed assumptions and may not be valid for dependent white noise. Because of recent popularity of conditional heteroskedastic models (e.g., generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic [GARCH] models), which imply nonlinear dependence with zero autocorrelation, there is a need to understand the asymptotic properties of the existing test statistics under unknown dependence. In this paper, we show that the asymptotic null distribution of the Box–Pierce test statistic with general weights still holds under unknown weak dependence as long as the lag truncation number grows at an appropriate rate with increasing sample size. Further applications to diagnostic checking of the autoregressive moving average (ARMA) and fractional autoregressive integrated moving average (FARIMA) models with dependent white noise errors are also addressed. Our results go beyond earlier ones by allowing non-Gaussian and conditional heteroskedastic errors in the ARMA and FARIMA models and provide theoretical support for some empirical findings reported in the literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Shao, Xiaofeng, 2011. "Testing For White Noise Under Unknown Dependence And Its Applications To Diagnostic Checking For Time Series Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(02), pages 312-343, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:etheor:v:27:y:2011:i:02:p:312-343_00

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Saikkonen, Pentti, 2005. "Stability results for nonlinear error correction models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 127(1), pages 69-81, July.
    2. Corradi, Valentina & Swanson, Norman R. & White, Halbert, 2000. "Testing for stationarity-ergodicity and for comovements between nonlinear discrete time Markov processes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 39-73, May.
    3. Granger, Clive W. J. & Terasvirta, Timo, 1993. "Modelling Non-Linear Economic Relationships," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198773207, June.
    4. Zacharias Psaradakis & Martin Sola & Fabio Spagnolo, 2004. "On Markov error-correction models, with an application to stock prices and dividends," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(1), pages 69-88.
    5. de Jong, Robert M., 2001. "Nonlinear estimation using estimated cointegrating relations," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 101(1), pages 109-122, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ke. Zhu, 2013. "A mixed portmanteau test for ARMA-GARCH models by the quasi-maximum exponential likelihood estimation approach," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(2), pages 230-237, March.
    2. Ke Zhu, 2016. "Bootstrapping the portmanteau tests in weak auto-regressive moving average models," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 78(2), pages 463-485, March.
    3. Colin M. Gallagher & Thomas J. Fisher, 2015. "On Weighted Portmanteau Tests For Time-Series Goodness-Of-Fit," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1), pages 67-83, January.
    4. Zhu, Ke & Li, Wai Keung, 2015. "A bootstrapped spectral test for adequacy in weak ARMA models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 187(1), pages 113-130.
    5. Zhang, Xianyang, 2016. "White noise testing and model diagnostic checking for functional time series," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 194(1), pages 76-95.
    6. Li, Linyuan & Yao, Shan & Duchesne, Pierre, 2014. "On wavelet-based testing for serial correlation of unknown form using Fan’s adaptive Neyman method," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 308-327.
    7. Chen, Min & Zhu, Ke, 2014. "Sign-based specification tests for martingale difference with conditional heteroscedasity," MPRA Paper 56347, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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