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Agroindustrialization, globalization, and international development: the environmental implications


  • Barrett, Christopher B.
  • Barbier, Edward B.
  • Reardon, Thomas


‘Agroindustrialization’ comprises three related sets of changes: 1 growth of commercial, off-farm agro-processing, distribution, and input provision activities; 2 institutional and organizational change in the relations between farms and firms both upstream and downstream, such as a marked increased in vertical integration and contract-based procurement; and 3 related changes in product composition, technologies, and sectoral and market structure (Reardon and Barrett, 2000). The actual and potential environmental effect of these changes have been sparsely documented to date. There does not seem to have been any attempt at a reasonably general analysis of the pathways by which such effects might occur or of the instruments governments might have at their disposal to influence these pathways. This essay is meant to fill the latter gap while the articles and policy forum that follow provide more detailed findings and perspectives on constituent issues.

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  • Barrett, Christopher B. & Barbier, Edward B. & Reardon, Thomas, 2001. "Agroindustrialization, globalization, and international development: the environmental implications," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(4), pages 419-433, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:endeec:v:6:y:2001:i:04:p:419-433_00

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    Cited by:

    1. Ryan Vroegindewey & Jennifer Hodbod, 2018. "Resilience of Agricultural Value Chains in Developing Country Contexts: A Framework and Assessment Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-18, March.
    2. Narayanan, Sudha & Gulati, Ashok, 2002. "Globalization and the smallholders," MSSD discussion papers 50, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Romina Cavatassi & Mario González & Paul Winters & Jorge Andrade-Piedra & Graham Thiele & Patricio Espinosa, 2009. "Linking Smallholders to the New Agricultural Economy: An Evaluation of the Plataformas Program in Ecuador," Working Papers 09-06, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).

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