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Women, Children and Poverty in Canada

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  • Martin D. Dooley

Abstract

The terms "feminization of poverty" and "juvenization of poverty" refer to changes in the distribution of poverty by gender and age. One goal of this paper is to assess whether or not Canadian poverty has been feminized or juvenized since the early 1970s and what are the proximate reasons why such changes have occurred or failed to occur. The proximate reasons are (i) the differences in the poverty rates of women versus men and children versus adults and (ii) the demographic composition of the general population. My second goal is to ask if the anti-poverty impact of transfer and tax policy differs for women versus men (or for children versus adults), and if any such gender or age bias has changed over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin D. Dooley, 1994. "Women, Children and Poverty in Canada," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 20(4), pages 430-443, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:20:y:1994:i:4:p:430-443
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. A. Fernández-Morales & J. Haro-García, 2000. "Women and Poverty in Spain (1981--1991)," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 49(1), pages 25-36, January.
    2. Marcelo Medeiros & Joana Simões Costa, 2005. "Poverty Among Women In Latin America: Feminization Or Over-Representation?," Anais do XXXIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 33rd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 150, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    3. Martin D. Dooley, 1999. "The Evolution of Welfare Participation Among Canadian Lone Mothers From 1973-1991," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(3), pages 589-612, May.
    4. Medeiros, Marcelo & Costa, Joana, 2008. "Is There a Feminization of Poverty in Latin America?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 115-127, January.
    5. Rebecca Smith & Lonnie Magee & Leslie Robb & John Burbidge, 1997. "The Independence and Economic Security of Older Women Living Alone," Independence and Economic Security of the Older Population Research Papers 22, McMaster University.
    6. Lori J. Curtis & Kate Rybczynski, 2014. "Exiting Poverty: Does Sex Matter?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 40(2), pages 126-142, June.
    7. Richard Chaykowski & George Slotsve, 2008. "The Extent of Economic Vulnerability in the Canadian Labour Market and Federal Jurisdiction: Is There a Role for Labour Standards?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 88(1), pages 75-96, August.
    8. Kapsalis, Constantine, 1999. "Social Assistance and the Employment Rate of Lone Mothers: An Analysis of Ontario's Live Experiment," MPRA Paper 25951, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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