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Pauvreté et économie au XIXe siècle

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  • Jérôme Lallement

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Abstract

Poverty was an ubiquitous theme in the literature of the beginning of the 19th century, and its analysis shifted from political or charitable perspectives to embrace a young science, namely the political economy. Stendhal’s example shows how political economy had become the only legitimate approach to viewing poverty. This article examines two economic theories that explained the causes of poverty and the means of eradicating it. One is liberal and the other is reformist. They were formulated by two emblematic authors, Ricardo and Walras. Divergences between the two theories arise less from their ideological and doctrinal oppositions than from their epistemological differences.

Suggested Citation

  • Jérôme Lallement, 2010. "Pauvreté et économie au XIXe siècle," Cahiers d’économie politique / Papers in Political Economy, L'Harmattan, issue 59, pages 119-140.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpo:journl:y:2010:i:59:p:119-140
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    political economy; poverty; Ricardo; Stendhal; Walras; methodology;

    JEL classification:

    • B12 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Classical (includes Adam Smith)
    • B13 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Neoclassical through 1925 (Austrian, Marshallian, Walrasian, Wicksellian)
    • B14 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Socialist; Marxist
    • B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General

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