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El papel de la infraestructura rural en el desarrollo agrícola en Colombia

Author

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  • Ignacio Lozano-Espitia
  • Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar

Abstract

La agricultura ha sido históricamente una actividad prioritaria en Colombia. Su desempeno depende primordialmente de la productividad, la cual parece estar correlacionada con los bienes públicos del sector. En el trabajo se estiman las coberturas de los principales bienes de infraestructura y se evalúan sus efectos sobre el rendimiento y el área sembrada de dieciséis cultivos cosechados en diversas regiones del país. Utilizando modelos de emparejamiento (Propensity Score Matching) se encuentra que el rendimiento de una tercera parte de los cultivos ha sido impactado positivamente por los distritos de riego y drenaje. También revela que el mejor acceso a los centros de acopio y la red de vías terciarias afectan positivamente las áreas sembradas de la mayor parte de los cultivos. Una reasignación de los recursos del Estado hacia la provisión de infraestructura rural es crucial para el desarrollo agrícola del país.

Suggested Citation

  • Ignacio Lozano-Espitia & Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar, 2016. "El papel de la infraestructura rural en el desarrollo agrícola en Colombia," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 46(1), pages 107-147, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:015477
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    Cited by:

    1. Jiménez Giraldo, Dora Elena & Saldarriaga-Isaza, Adrián & Cicowiez, Martin, 2019. "Distributional and economy-wide effects of post-conflict policy in Colombia," Conference papers 333124, Purdue University, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Global Trade Analysis Project.
    2. María Adelaida Ortega, 2018. "Conectando mercados: vías rurales y producción agrícola en el contexto de una economía dual," Documentos CEDE 16818, Universidad de los Andes, Facultad de Economía, CEDE.
    3. Brayan Alexander BARON ORTEGON, 2018. "Distribución Del Ingreso Rural En Colombia Y Línea De Pobreza: 2004-2014," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 27(2), pages 99-112.
    4. M. F. Serrano-Guzman & D. D. Perez-Ruiz & D. A. Garcia-Cuellar, 2019. "Development And Road Improvement: Hope During Post-Conflict In Colombia," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 19(2), pages 17-28.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bienes Públicos; Productividad Agrícola; Uso de la Tierra; Sistemas de Irrigación; Tiempos de Desplazamiento; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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