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El papel de la infraestructura rural en el desarrollo agrícola en Colombia

Author

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  • Ignacio Lozano-Espitia

    ()

  • Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar

    ()

Abstract

La agricultura ha sido históricamente una actividad prioritaria en Colombia. Su desempeño depende primordialmente de la productividad, la cual parece estar correlacionada con los bienes públicos del sector. En el trabajo se estiman las coberturas de los principales bienes de infraestructura y se evalúan sus efectos sobre el rendimiento y el área sembrada de dieciséis cultivos cosechados en diversas regiones del país. Utilizando modelos de emparejamiento (Propensity Score Matching) se encuentra que el rendimiento de una tercera parte de los cultivos ha sido impactado positivamente por los distritos de riego y drenaje. También revela que el mejor acceso a los centros de acopio y la red de vías terciarias afectan positivamente las áreas sembradas de la mayor parte de los cultivos. Una reasignación de los recursos del Estado hacia la provisión de infraestructura rural es crucial para el desarrollo agrícola del país.

Suggested Citation

  • Ignacio Lozano-Espitia & Juan Camilo Restrepo Salazar, 2016. "El papel de la infraestructura rural en el desarrollo agrícola en Colombia," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 46(1), pages 107-147, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:015477
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11445/3351
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Schoengold, Karina & Zilberman, David, 2007. "The Economics of Water, Irrigation, and Development," Handbook of Agricultural Economics, in: Robert Evenson & Prabhu Pingali (ed.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 58, pages 2933-2977, Elsevier.
    2. Evenson, Robert E. & Pray, Carl E. & Rosegrant, Mark W., 1999. "Agricultural research and productivity growth in India:," Research reports 109, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. James J. Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Petra Todd, 1998. "Matching As An Econometric Evaluation Estimator," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 65(2), pages 261-294.
    4. G Alivelu & P Praveena Sri & K L Narasimha Rao, 2004. "Analysis of Public Expenditure on Education: A Case Study of India," The IUP Journal of Public Finance, IUP Publications, vol. 0(3), pages 34-44, August.
    5. Calderon, Cesar & Serven, Luis, 2010. "Infrastructure in Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5317, The World Bank.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Brayan Alexander BARON ORTEGON, 2018. "Distribución Del Ingreso Rural En Colombia Y Línea De Pobreza: 2004-2014," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 27(2), pages 99-112.
    2. María Adelaida Ortega, 2018. "Conectando mercados: vías rurales y producción agrícola en el contexto de una economía dual," Documentos CEDE 016818, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bienes Públicos; Productividad Agrícola; Uso de la Tierra; Sistemas de Irrigación; Tiempos de Desplazamiento; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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