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Congestión vehicular en Medellín: una posible solución desde la economía

Author

Listed:
  • John J. García

    ()

  • Carlos E. Posada

    ()

  • Alejandro Corrales

    ()

Abstract

Según la teoría económica el mecanismo de precios es una herramienta adecuada para solucionar el problema de congestión vehicular. El objetivo de este artículo es diagnosticar el grado de congestión vehicular de la ciudad de Medellín (Colombia) y proponer alternativas que den solución a dicho problema desde la óptica de la teoría económica. A diferencia de otros estudios, esta investigación analizó la relación entre el gasto de las familias en transporte y la elección de transporte (público o privado) a través la metodología de elasticidades. Se encontró evidencia a favor de la hipótesis de los precios como mecanismos para desincentivar el uso del automóvil privado, pues a medida que aumenta el nivel de gasto en transporte (asociado a un supuesto peaje urbano), la probabilidad de usar transporte privado disminuye, mientras que la probabilidad de utilizar transporte público aumenta.

Suggested Citation

  • John J. García & Carlos E. Posada & Alejandro Corrales, 2016. "Congestión vehicular en Medellín: una posible solución desde la economía," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 46(1), pages 175-207, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000438:015475
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    Keywords

    Congestión Vehicular; Peaje por Congestión; Modelo Logit Multinomial; Elasticidad Gasto; Medellín;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy

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