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Tendencias del financiamiento público y dilemas de la política educacional chilena (1999-2018)

Author

Listed:
  • Donoso Díaz, Sebastián
  • Arias Rojas, Oscar
  • Reyes Araya, Daniel

Abstract

Resumen: Se expone la evolución del presupuesto público chileno en educación en el presente milenio, atendiendo su relevancia como componente clave del desarrollo, e indagando sobre lo que ello significa en referencia con la evolución del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) del país, como también del presupuesto público total. Las partidas presupuestarias son actualizadas y analizadas en el contexto de algunos hitos claves de las políticas educativas del período estudiado. Los principales resultados muestran incrementos importantes del presupuesto, incluso por sobre el crecimiento del PIB, acordes con las demandas sociales en este campo. No obstante, se estima que deben realizarse algunos exámenes detallados, pues no se puede continuar con un presupuesto sectorial que crece ilimitadamente, sino también se requiere de otras formas de asignación presupuestaria que impliquen un cambio estructural. Los hallazgos evidencian la importancia de avanzar en estas materias para sustentar aquellas políticas estratégicas que Chile no resuelve satisfactoriamente: segmentación social del sistema escolar, desigualdad social y baja calidad de resultados educativos. Abstract: The evolution of the Chilean public budget in education in the present millennium is exposed, attending to its relevance as a key component of development, and inquiring about what this means in reference to the evolution of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), as well as the public budget. -total audience. The annual budget items are systematized, updated, before some key milestones of the educational policies of the period studied. The main results show significant increases in the budget, even above GDP growth, and in the social demands in this field. However, it is estimated that some major examinations must be carried out, since it is not possible to continue with a sector budget that grows unlimitedly, but also to it requires other forms of budget allocation that involve structural change. The findings show the importance of advancing in these matters to support those strategic policies that Chile does not satisfactorily resolve: social segmentation of the school system, social inequality, and low quality of educational results. Résumé: Nous exposons l’évolution du budget public chilien de l’éducation au cours du présent millénaire, en tenant compte sa pertinence en tant que composante clé du développement. Nous nous interrogeons sur sa signification par rapport a l’évolution du produit intérieur brut (PIB) du pays, ainsi que par rapport au budget public total. Les allocations budgétaires annuelles sont mises a jour et analysées dans le contexte de certains événements clés des politiques éducatives de la période étudiée. Les principaux résultats montrent des augmentations significatives du budget éducatif, meme supérieures a la croissance du PIB, en ligne avec les demandes sociales dans ce secteur. Cependant, nous considérons qu’il faut réviser en détail ces allocations budgétaires, car il est impossible de continuer avec un budget sectoriel qui croit a l’infini. Il y a donc besoin de mettre en place d’autres formes d’allocation budgétaire qui impliquent un changement structurel. Les résultats montrent également l’importance d’avancer dans ces matieres, afin de soutenir les politiques stratégiques dont le Chili ne résout pas de maniere satisfaisante: segmentation sociale du systeme scolaire, inégalités sociales et faible qualité des résultats scolaires.

Suggested Citation

  • Donoso Díaz, Sebastián & Arias Rojas, Oscar & Reyes Araya, Daniel, 2021. "Tendencias del financiamiento público y dilemas de la política educacional chilena (1999-2018)," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, issue No. 95, pages 167-197, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000174:019608
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    presupuesto público; presupuesto público de educación; educación pública; Ministerio de Educación; Chile;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • H6 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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