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Macroeconomía y violencia

Listed author(s):
  • Jurgen Brauer


  • J. Paul Dunne


RESUMEN:Este ensayo analiza los aspectos macroeconómicos de la violencia. Va mas allá del enfoque usual sobre la guerra para argumentar sobre la importancia económica de todas las formas y aspectos de violencia armada y no armada. La violencia hace referencia a actos de daño autoinflingido, violencia interpersonal y violencia colectiva. La violencia autoinflingida incluye suicidio; la violencia interpersonal incluye tanto violencia criminal organizada como violencia doméstica y en el lugar de trabajo, y la violencia colectiva generalmente hace referencia a estados u otro tipo de entidades políticas que se encuentran en conflicto violento interno o externo o en riesgo de padecerlo, así como a aquellas que se encuentran en una difícil situación de inseguridad de postguerra o han sido asoladas por una extensiva violencia criminal. Estos diversos aspectos de la violencia han sido estudiados en el pasado por diferentes disciplinas académicas, en un proceso en el cual la ciencia política y los economistas de la defensa se inclinan a estudiar las causas, consecuencias, y,recientemente, los remedios potenciales a la violencia colectiva de gran escala; y los criminólogos, expertos en salud pública y economistas del crimen más inclinados a estudiar la violencia interpersonal y el daño autoinfligido. Reconocer la importancia económica de todos los aspectos de la violencia significa que la política macroeconómica no puede ser considerada aisladamente de los desarrollos microeconómicos o de las políticas regionales, sectoriales, distributivas y de otro tipo, así como tampoco puede aislarse de los contextos sociales en los cuales ocurre la violencia. La creciente complejidad e interrelación de los diferentes aspectos de la economía de la violencia implican que cualquier discusiónde los aspectos macroeconómicos debe considerar una concepción más amplia del costo del conflicto y la violencia. Este ensayo analiza la violencia, medidas y mediciones del costo de la violencia, las causas y consecuencias económicas de la violencia, algunos aspectos macroeconómicos de la recuperación de la violencia y la reconstrucción postguerra, y algunas de las condiciones estructurales necesarias para la recuperación luego de la violencia.ABSTRACT:This essay considers macroeconomic aspects of violence. It moves beyond the usual focus on war to argue the economic importance of all forms and aspects of armed and unarmed violence. Violence refers to acts of selfharm,interpersonal violence, and collective violence. Self-harm includes suicide; interpersonal violence includes organized criminal violence as well as domestic and workplace violence. Collective violence generally denotes political entities that are in, or at risk of, internal or external violent conflict as well as those that are in an insecure postwar predicament or wracked by pervasive armed criminal violence. In the past these different aspects of violence have been studied by different academic disciplines, with political scientists and defense economists tending to study the causes, consequences, and, lately,potential remedies of large-scale collective violence; and criminologists, public health experts, and crime economists tending to study interpersonal violence and self harm. Recognizing the economic importance of all aspects of violence means that macroeconomic policy cannot be considered in isolation from microeconomic developments or from regional, sectoral, distributional, and other economic policies, nor from the social contexts in which violence takes place. The increasing complexity and interrelatedness of the various aspects of the economics of violence means that any discussion of the macroeconomic issues has to consider the cost of conflict and violence more broadly conceived. The essay reviews violence, measures and measurements of the cost of violence, the economic causes and consequences of violence, some macroeconomic aspects of recovery from violence and postwar reconstruction, and some of the necessaryframework conditions for recovery from violence.

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Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): (May)

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Handle: RePEc:col:000151:008802
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