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History Dependence in the Economy. A review of the Literature


  • Alejandro Gaviria



This paper presents a review on the concept of history dependence and time irreversibility in the economic literature. It presents an inventory of artificial examples where random events affect final outcomes and history cannot be reduced to the deliverer of the inevitable. It focuses mainly on recent examples and applications that, although not necessarily better than their predecessors, allow a better understanding of the mechanisms whereby history leaves its imprint. The paper reviews deterministic and stochastic models, presents some empirical illustrations and draws a few general conclusions.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Gaviria, 2001. "History Dependence in the Economy. A review of the Literature," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000151:004250

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Clive W.J. Granger, 2004. "Time Series Analysis, Cointegration, and Applications," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 421-425, June.
    2. Ron Martin, 1997. "Regional Unemployment Disparities and their Dynamics," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 237-252.
    3. Brunello, Giorgio & Lupi, Claudio & Ordine, Patrizia, 2001. "Widening differences in Italian regional unemployment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 103-129, January.
    4. Ana Maria Iregui & Jesus Otero, 2003. "On the dynamics of unemployment in a developing economy: Colombia," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(14), pages 895-898.
    5. Carlos Lamarche & Alberto Porto & Walter Sosa Escudero, 1998. "Aspectos Regionales del Desempleo en la Argentina," Department of Economics, Working Papers 008, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    6. Stephen T. Marston, 1985. "Two Views of the Geographic Distribution of Unemployment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 100(1), pages 57-79.
    7. Luis Eduardo Arango & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2001. "El Desempleo en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 176, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. Bande, Roberto & Fernández, Melchor & Montuenga, Víctor, 2008. "Regional unemployment in Spain: Disparities, business cycle and wage setting," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 885-914, October.
    9. J. Paul Elhorst, 2003. "The Mystery of Regional Unemployment Differentials: Theoretical and Empirical Explanations," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(5), pages 709-748, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ramjerdi, Farideh & Fearnley, Nils, 2014. "Risk and irreversibility of transport interventions," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 31-39.

    More about this item


    History dependence; Economic modelling;

    JEL classification:

    • C59 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Other
    • N01 - Economic History - - General - - - Development of the Discipline: Historiographical; Sources and Methods


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