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Acumulación de capital humano y gasto público en educación: un modelo de generaciones traslapadas para Colombia

  • Oliver Pardo

    ()

En el presente documento se estudia el impacto del gasto público en educación sobre el crecimiento económico y el bienestar, para lo cual se construye un modelo de generacionestraslapadas y crecimiento endógeno. Los agentes se educan con el fin de acumular capital humano, mientras el gobierno subsidia una fracción del gasto en educación. Los parámetros son calibrados para replicar algunos hechos estilizados de la economía colombiana. Las simulaciones sugieren que un incremento del gasto público en educación equivalente al 1% del producto interno bruto (PIB) implica un aumento de 0,14 puntos porcentuales en la tasa de crecimiento económico de largo plazo.}

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File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/sites/default/files/publicaciones/archivos/espe_052-1.pdf
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Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): 24 (2006)
Issue (Month): 52 (December)
Pages: 12-47

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:004265
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  1. Yoram Ben-Porath, 1967. "The Production of Human Capital and the Life Cycle of Earnings," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 352.
  2. Michele Boldrin, 1992. "Public Education and Capital Accumulation," Discussion Papers 1017, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  3. Costas Azariadis & Allan Drazen, 1990. "Threshold Externalities in Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(2), pages 501-526.
  4. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B, 1992. "Public versus Private Investment in Human Capital Endogenous Growth and Income Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 818-34, August.
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