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Acumulación de capital humano y gasto público en educación: un modelo de generaciones traslapadas para Colombia


  • Oliver Pardo



En el presente documento se estudia el impacto del gasto público en educación sobre el crecimiento económico y el bienestar, para lo cual se construye un modelo de generacionestraslapadas y crecimiento endógeno. Los agentes se educan con el fin de acumular capital humano, mientras el gobierno subsidia una fracción del gasto en educación. Los parámetros son calibrados para replicar algunos hechos estilizados de la economía colombiana. Las simulaciones sugieren que un incremento del gasto público en educación equivalente al 1% del producto interno bruto (PIB) implica un aumento de 0,14 puntos porcentuales en la tasa de crecimiento económico de largo plazo.}

Suggested Citation

  • Oliver Pardo, 2006. "Acumulación de capital humano y gasto público en educación: un modelo de generaciones traslapadas para Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 24(52), pages 12-47, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:004265

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Boldrin, Michele, 2005. "Public education and capital accumulation," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 85-109, June.
    2. Costas Azariadis & Allan Drazen, 1990. "Threshold Externalities in Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(2), pages 501-526.
    3. Yoram Ben-Porath, 1967. "The Production of Human Capital and the Life Cycle of Earnings," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 352-352.
    4. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B, 1992. "Public versus Private Investment in Human Capital Endogenous Growth and Income Inequality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(4), pages 818-834, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oliver Enrique PARDO REINOSO, 2007. "Rendimientos sociales crecientes en la acumulación de capital humano y financiación pública de la educación," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 003455, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.

    More about this item


    Capital humano; crecimiento; financiación pública de la educación; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models


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