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La Descentralización Fiscal Y El Crecimiento Económico: Evidencia Para Colombia

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  • JORGE E ESPITIA

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Abstract

En el presente trabajo se hace una revisión de la literatura que relaciona la descentralización fiscal y el crecimiento económico. Se desarrolla un ejercicio empírico para Colombia con base en una serie de datos anuales desde 1960 a 2001. Para el desarrollo de la aplicación, se construyen los indicadores de descentralización fiscal vía gastos y recaudo tributario. Se encuentra que el signo del indicador de descentralización fiscal del gasto es negativo, y persistente. El efecto se puede deber a diferentes razones, entre ellas, las debilidades de los indicadores que aquí se usan para capturar el concepto de descentralización fiscal, un tema tan complejo con una medida tan sencilla; así como a los posibles efectos negativos que produce el uso indebido de las virtudes propias de un sistema de descentralización fiscal basado en la delegación de responsabilidades: la cercanía de los gobiernos locales a sus conciudadanos y el control de estos a las acciones de gobierno. El indicador de descentralización fiscal vía recaudo tributario da negativo, con lo cual se puede pensar en la posibilidad de un amplio espacio fiscal a nivel de política pública en esta línea. Son múltiples las limitaciones del trabajo, para lo cual queda abierto el espacio con el objeto de mejorar la medición de la descentralización fiscal en Colombia y sus mecanismos de transmisión al crecimiento económico.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge E Espitia, 2004. "La Descentralización Fiscal Y El Crecimiento Económico: Evidencia Para Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 22(46-1), pages 186-248, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:002974
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fritz Breuss & Markus Eller, 2004. "Decentralising the public sector: Fiscal Decentralisation and Economic Growth: Is there Really a Link?," ifo DICE Report, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 2(1), pages 3-9, October.
    2. Cornes,Richard & Sandler,Todd, 1996. "The Theory of Externalities, Public Goods, and Club Goods," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521477185, December.
    3. Richard M. Bird, 2000. "Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations: Universal Principles, Local Applications," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper0002, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    4. Justin Yifu Lin & Zhiqiang Liu, 2000. "Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth in China," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(1), pages 1-21.
    5. Davoodi, Hamid & Zou, Heng-fu, 1998. "Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Study," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 244-257, March.
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    7. Barro, Robert J, 1990. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 103-126, October.
    8. Zhang, Tao & Zou, Heng-fu, 1998. "Fiscal decentralization, public spending, and economic growth in China," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 221-240.
    9. Akai, Nobuo & Sakata, Masayo, 2002. "Fiscal decentralization contributes to economic growth: evidence from state-level cross-section data for the United States," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 93-108, July.
    10. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1997. "I Just Ran Two Million Regressions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 178-183.
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    Cited by:

    1. Julio Roberto Piza (editor), 2016. "Los Tributos Territoriales En El Ordenamiento Jurídico Colombiano.Un Análisis Crítico," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Derecho, number 840.
    2. Camilo Alvis & Cristian Castrillón, 2013. "Tamaño óptimo del gasto público colombiano: una aproximación desde la teoría del crecimiento endógeno," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID.
    3. Antonio José Orozco-Gallo, 2015. "Un análisis del gasto público en salud de los entes territoriales colombianos," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 012838, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    DESCENTRALIZACIÓN FISCAL; CRECIMIENTO ECONÓMICO;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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