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La Descentralización Fiscal Y El Crecimiento Económico: Evidencia Para Colombia

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    En el presente trabajo se hace una revisión de la literatura que relaciona la descentralización fiscal y el crecimiento económico. Se desarrolla un ejercicio empírico para Colombia con base en una serie de datos anuales desde 1960 a 2001. Para el desarrollo de la aplicación, se construyen los indicadores de descentralización fiscal vía gastos y recaudo tributario. Se encuentra que el signo del indicador de descentralización fiscal del gasto es negativo, y persistente. El efecto se puede deber a diferentes razones, entre ellas, las debilidades de los indicadores que aquí se usan para capturar el concepto de descentralización fiscal, un tema tan complejo con una medida tan sencilla; así como a los posibles efectos negativos que produce el uso indebido de las virtudes propias de un sistema de descentralización fiscal basado en la delegación de responsabilidades: la cercanía de los gobiernos locales a sus conciudadanos y el control de estos a las acciones de gobierno. El indicador de descentralización fiscal vía recaudo tributario da negativo, con lo cual se puede pensar en la posibilidad de un amplio espacio fiscal a nivel de política pública en esta línea. Son múltiples las limitaciones del trabajo, para lo cual queda abierto el espacio con el objeto de mejorar la medición de la descentralización fiscal en Colombia y sus mecanismos de transmisión al crecimiento económico.

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    Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

    Volume (Year): 22 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 46-1 (December)
    Pages: 186-248

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:002974
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    1. Xavier X. Sala-i-Martin, 1997. "I Just Ran Four Million Regressions," NBER Working Papers 6252, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Tao Zhang & Heng-fu Zou, 2001. "Fiscal decentralization, public spending, and economic growth in China," CEMA Working Papers 58, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    3. Akai, Nobuo & Sakata, Masayo, 2002. "Fiscal decentralization contributes to economic growth: evidence from state-level cross-section data for the United States," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 93-108, July.
    4. Robert J. Barro, 1988. "Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth," NBER Working Papers 2588, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Davoodi, Hamid & Zou, Heng-fu, 1998. "Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Study," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 244-257, March.
    6. Roy Bahl, 1999. "Implementation Rules For Fiscal Decentralization," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper9803, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    7. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
    8. Cornes,Richard & Sandler,Todd, 1996. "The Theory of Externalities, Public Goods, and Club Goods," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521477185, 1.
    9. Fritz Breuss & Markus Eller, 2004. "Decentralising the public sector: Fiscal Decentralisation and Economic Growth: Is there Really a Link?," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 2(1), pages 3-9, October.
    10. Richard M. Bird, 2000. "Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations: Universal Principles, Local Applications," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper0002, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
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