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Production Externalities and the Efficiency of Parental Childcare Choices

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  • Peter W. Kennedy
  • Linda Welling

Abstract

The economics of producing and consuming children is an immensely important but largely neglected area. The authors model the allocation of parents' time between market production and childcare, a choice driven by both consumption and investment motives. They identify two externalities in the provision of parental childcare. An intergenerational externality stems from the effect of today's parents' childcare choices on the productivity of the next generation of workers. An intragenerational externality arises when time spent away from productive labor affects the productivity of coworkers. The interaction of these externalities determines the efficiency properties of the equilibrium.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter W. Kennedy & Linda Welling, 1997. "Production Externalities and the Efficiency of Parental Childcare Choices," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 822-834, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:30:y:1997:i:4:p:822-34
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    Cited by:

    1. Welling, Linda & Bearance, Marci, 2002. "Who's minding the kids? An economic comparison of sole and joint custody," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 15-29.
    2. Merwan H. Engineer & Linda Welling, 2004. "Overlapping Generations Models and Graded Age-Set Societies," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 160(3), pages 454-454, September.

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