IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Economic Consequences of Permits Allocation Rules


  • Julien Chevallier
  • Pierre-Andre Jouvet
  • Philippe Michel
  • Gilles Rotillon


This paper investigates the economic consequences of permits allocation rules. Following the rapid development of the Kyoto Protocol and the EU Emission Trading Scheme, it appears critical to better understand the procedure of allocation of permits between countries/firms and its distributive consequences. Indeed, due to intense political lobbying, the free distribution of permits to existing users as a function of a given benchmark (“grandfathering”) appears as the best solution to facilitate the agreement to the scheme. This paper discusses the pros and the cons of various other allocation rules, such as per capita emissions, per capita GDP, relative historical responsibility, or size of population. The main lesson of this study is that the most efficient free allocation methodology (maximizing world’s production for a given emissions level) consists in distributing permits based on the quantities of efficient labor, while a more equitable solution consists in distributing permits to each production factor proportionally to its share in production.

Suggested Citation

  • Julien Chevallier & Pierre-Andre Jouvet & Philippe Michel & Gilles Rotillon, 2009. "Economic Consequences of Permits Allocation Rules," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 120, pages 77-90.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2009-4td

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Badau, Flavius & Färe, Rolf & Gopinath, Munisamy, 2016. "Global resilience to climate change: Examining global economic and environmental performance resulting from a global carbon dioxide market," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 46-64.
    2. Julien Chevallier, 2013. "Carbon trading: past, present and future," Chapters,in: Handbook on Energy and Climate Change, chapter 21, pages 471-489 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item


    Tradable permits market; allocation rules; capital allocation; factor income;

    JEL classification:

    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2009-4td. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.