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Trade Liberalization and Employment in Developing Economies of the Americas

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  • John Gilbert

Abstract

Using an applied general equilibrium model we explore the potential effect of comprehensive trade liberalization in a selection of Latin American developing economies. Over the last decade many of these economies have suffered from high levels of unemployment, and the consequences of reform on unemployment and of unemployment on the effects of reform are critical. We take the approach of utilizing alternative labor market closures, bounding the static effect of trade reform between the neoclassical, which abstracts from unemployment issues, and a surplus labor/unemployment closure.

Suggested Citation

  • John Gilbert, 2003. "Trade Liberalization and Employment in Developing Economies of the Americas," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 94-95, pages 155-174.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2003-2q-3qg
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    File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/IE/rev9495/rev9495g.htm
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    Cited by:

    1. Christine Wieck & Simon W. Schlüter & Wolfgang Britz, 2012. "Assessment of the Impact of Avian Influenza–related Regulatory Policies on Poultry Meat Trade and Welfare," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(8), pages 1037-1052, August.
    2. Christine Wieck & David Holland, 2010. "The economic effect of the Canadian BSE outbreak on the US economy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(8), pages 935-946.
    3. Christine WIECK & Thomas I. WAHL, "undated". "The Modelling of an Open Regional Economy: Effects of Imports and Trade Liberalization," Regional and Urban Modeling 284100047, EcoMod.
    4. Yemi Meroyi, 2016. "Comparative Analysis of Impact of Trade Liberalization on Employment Generation during the Military and Civilian Regimes in Nigeria (1980-2012)," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 6(11), pages 110-134, November.
    5. Devadoss, Stephen & Holland, David W. & Stodick, Leroy & Ghosh, Joydeep, 2006. "A General Equilibrium Analysis of Foreign and Domestic Demand Shocks Arising from Mad Cow Disease in the United States," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 31(02), August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Computable General Equilibrium Models; Commercial Policy; Protection; Unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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