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Kurz zum Klima: Der öffentliche Nahverkehr im internationalen Vergleich


  • Tilmann Rave


  • Jana Lippelt



Der städtische Verkehr ist für die internationalen Bemühungen zur Minderung von Treibhausgasen von zunehmender Bedeutung. Zum einen ist der Verkehr insgesamt seit Längerem ein Sorgenkind der Klimapolitik. Der Verkehrssektor ist für etwa 13% der gesamten weltweiten Treibhausgasemissionen und für 23% der weltweiten energiebezogenen Treibhausgasemissionen verantwortlich. Zum anderen ist der städtische Verkehr auch deshalb von zunehmendem klimapolitischen Interesse, weil die in Städten lebende Bevölkerung an Bedeutung gewinnt. Während heute etwa jeder Zweite in einer Stadt wohnt, wird dieser Anteil bis 2050 auf vor­aussichtlich 70% ansteigen. Der Beitrag zeigt die unterschiedlichen Anteile des öffentlichen Nahverkehrs an allen motorisierten Personenkilometern in verschiedenen Städten weltweit sowie die CO2-Emissionen des Personenverkehrs in Städten pro Kopf und diskutiert die Bedingungen für eine effektive Förderung des öffentlichen Nahverkehrs.

Suggested Citation

  • Tilmann Rave & Jana Lippelt, 2011. "Kurz zum Klima: Der öffentliche Nahverkehr im internationalen Vergleich," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(24), pages 73-77, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:64:y:2011:i:24:p:73-77

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jens Boysen-Hogrefe & Dominik Groll, 2010. "The German Labour Market Miracle," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 214(1), pages 38-50, October.
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    More about this item


    Öffentlicher Personennahverkehr; Klima; Umweltpolitik; Stadtbevölkerung; Kohlendioxid; Umweltbelastung; Vergleich; International;

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries


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