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Kurz zum Klima: Lernen fur den Klimaschutz

Author

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  • Tilmann Rave

    ()

  • Maximilian Sindram

Abstract

Wissen hat ökonomisch gesehen oft den Charakter eines öffentlichen Gutes. In der Regel gelingt es nämlich dem Erfinder einer neuen Technologie oder eines neuen Produkts nicht vollständig, sich die Erträge seiner Forschungsbemühungen anzueignen. Daher steht das in den Technologien bzw. Produkten inkorporierte Wissen zum Teil Dritten zur Verfügung. Diese, nicht an marktmäßige Transaktionen gebundenen Wissensflüsse werden als Überschwappeffekte (Spill-over) bezeichnet. Spill-over sind aus der Sicht des Erfinders zwar meist unvorteilhaft, führen andererseits aber auch zu zusätzlichen Innovationen, was gesellschaftlich wünschenswert sein kann. Gerade bei Umweltinnovationen, die Umweltverschmutzung vermeiden oder weniger natürliche Ressourcen beanspruchen, ist die Generierung von Spill-over zu begrüßen.

Suggested Citation

  • Tilmann Rave & Maximilian Sindram, 2011. "Kurz zum Klima: Lernen fur den Klimaschutz," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(04), pages 30-33, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:64:y:2011:i:04:p:30-33
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    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/ifosd_2011_4_4.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Tilmann Rave & Maximilian Sindram, 2010. "Klimaschutz durch verringerte Emissionen von fluorierten Treibhausgasen − das Beispiel innovativer Kälte- und Klimatechnik," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 63(18), pages 18-27, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Klimaschschutz Technologie Patent;

    JEL classification:

    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital

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