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Social Interactions and the Labor Market

  • Yves Zenou

Pour mieux comprendre le rôle des réseaux sociaux sur le marché du travail, nous proposons deux modèles simples où les individus s?entraident dans leur recherche d?emploi. Dans le premier, l?information sur les emplois circule entre les individus en relation et nous montrons qu?il existe un équilibre de long terme avec regroupement des travailleurs de même statut puisque les salariés ont tendance à se lier à d?autres salariés plutôt qu?à des chômeurs. Dans le second modèle, les individus ont des liens qui peuvent être forts ou faibles et ils décident du temps qu?ils y consacreront. Comme dans Granovetter, ce modèle met l?accent sur l?intensité des liens faibles qui donnent accès à de nouvelles sources d?information sur l?offre d?emplois en créant une vague secondaire de contacts appartenant à des réseaux plus éloignés. Nous discutons ensuite les implications en termes de politique publique en montrant comment ces analyses permettent d?expliquer le chômage élevé des minorités ethniques.

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Article provided by Dalloz in its journal Revue d'économie politique.

Volume (Year): 123 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 307-331

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Handle: RePEc:cai:repdal:redp_233_0307
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