IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Efficience des Clubs Français de Football des Ligues 1 et 2


  • Élisé Wendlassida Miningou
  • Valérie Vierstraete


Football / soccer is a very popular sport in France. However, like clubs elsewhere in Europe, French clubs are currently facing some hurdles. The expenditure levels of some of these clubs are considered excessive. What is more, results on the field are not always forthcoming, especially at the pan-European level. We may thus wonder whether resources devoted to football in France are used efficiently. This is the issue we address in this paper, where we study the efficiency of French football clubs in Ligue 1 and Ligue 2 over a period spanning the 2002-03 and 2007-08 seasons. To accomplish this, we use a DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) model and measure the technical efficiency and scale efficiency of French professional clubs. Our results reveal that, overall, French clubs are inefficient, using more resources than necessary to attain their objectives. Moreover, clubs in Ligue 1 are less efficient than those in Ligue 2, and efficiency has declined over time in both leagues. Finally, we observe that inefficiency seems to be more associated with managerial problems than with the size of the clubs.

Suggested Citation

  • Élisé Wendlassida Miningou & Valérie Vierstraete, 2012. "Efficience des Clubs Français de Football des Ligues 1 et 2," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 122(1), pages 37-66.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:repdal:redp_217_0037

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Wladimir Andreff, 2014. "French professional football: how much different?," Chapters, in: John Goddard & Peter Sloane (ed.),Handbook on the Economics of Professional Football, chapter 18, pages 298-321, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Andreef, Wladimir (Андрефф, Владимир), 2016. "French professional football in European context: how much different? [Французский Профессиональный Футбол В Европейском Контексте: Насколько Велики Отличия?]," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 3, pages 108-137, June.
    3. Wladimir Andreff, 2014. "French professional football: how much different?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-01244492, HAL.
    4. Wladimir Andreff, 2014. "French professional football: how much different?," Post-Print halshs-01244492, HAL.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:repdal:redp_217_0037. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.