L'interaction entre les politiques sociales et les choix technologiques des entreprises : le cas de l'impôt négatif
This article deals with the effect of a Negative Income Tax (NIT) scheme on firms? behaviour as regards their technological choices. Within the framework of a matching model with differentiation of the agents, we show that a NIT reduces inequalities and rises employment making agents less selective. Moreover, the repercussions of such a policy on technological choices are generally underestimated. We show that the introduction of a NIT can encourage firms to invest in skill substitutability. Then the fall on the job specialisation is prejudicial to the productivity, in particular in the long run.
Volume (Year): 118 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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