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L'epargne nette ré-ajustée

  • Céline Antonin
  • Thomas Mélonio
  • Xavier Timbeau

Cet article discute de la pertinence théorique et de la validité empirique du principal indicateur de soutenabilité utilisé dans les travaux de recherche et discuté dans les forums internationaux, l'épargne nette ajustée. Après avoir rappelé le contexte de sa conception théorique et la méthodologie qui le soustend, l'article pointe certaines limites importantes de l'épargne nette ajustée telle qu'elle est calculée aujourd'hui par la Banque mondiale. Des innovations sont introduites dans le calcul : la dépréciation du capital éducatif, une prise en compte plus exhaustive des émissions de carbone et un prix social du carbone plus élevé. Ces changements modifient sensiblement les conclusions optimistes, en matière de soutenabilité globale, que l'on peut tirer des données que la Banque mondiale publie.

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): n° 120 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 259-286

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_120_0259
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