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Faut-il remettre en cause la politique familiale française ?


  • Henri Sterdyniak


The French family policy targets three objectives: ensuring a minimum standard of living for every child, providing families with the same standard of living than people without children, promoting female employment. Although the French family policy has been successful in terms of fertility rates and female employment rates, it is often criticised for benefiting wealthy families and discouraging female employment. These criticisms are irrelevant. Family policy provides relatively large transfer payments to families; the transfers covers totally the cost of children for low-income families and decreases relatively when income increases. The conjugal and family quotients are necessary components of a progressive tax system. A major reform substituting the entire family benefits and tax provisions with a per child flat allowance would weaken the family policy and be detrimental to families with three children or more. JEL Classification code: H24, I31, J18.

Suggested Citation

  • Henri Sterdyniak, 2011. "Faut-il remettre en cause la politique familiale française ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 333-366.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_116_0333

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. André Masson, 2009. "Des liens et des transferts entre générations," Post-Print halshs-00754867, HAL.
    2. Guillaume Allègre & Gérard Cornilleau & Henri Sterdyniak, 2007. "Vers la fusion de l'impôt sur le revenu et de la CSG ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 101(2), pages 269-314.
    3. Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Contre l'individualisation des droits sociaux," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 90(3), pages 419-460.
    4. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5272 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mireille Elbaum, 2010. "La politique familiale : des « retours sur investissement » qui dépendent de choix économiques et sociaux," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2010-20, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    6. repec:dau:papers:123456789/5804 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Adélaïde Favrat & Céline Marc & Muriel Pucci, 2015. "Les dispositifs sociaux et fiscaux en faveur des familles : quelle compensation du coût des enfants ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 478(1), pages 5-34.
    2. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2012. "Faut-il des règles de politique budgétaire ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(7), pages 299-346.
    3. Michaël Zemmour, 2013. "Les dépenses socio-fiscales ayant trait à la protection sociale : état des lieux," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6o65lgig8d0, Sciences Po.

    More about this item


    family policy;

    JEL classification:

    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy


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