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Marchandisation, protection sociale et émancipation. Les ambivalences du féminisme dans la crise du capitalisme


  • Nancy Fraser


Drawing on the thought of Karl Polanyi, I propose a non-economistic conception of capitalist crisis that can clarify feminist prospects in the current era. Revising his account of the conflict between economic liberals and social protectionists, I introduce a third axis of social struggle, oriented to emancipation and, so, transform his ?double movement? into a triple movement. After sketching this new perspective, I use it to rethink the stakes of feminist struggles in the 21st century. Positing emancipation?s inherent ambivalence, I show that efforts to combat gender domination can align in principle either with marketization or social protection. Recently, I contend, this ambivalence has been resolved in favor of marketization, as neoliberalism has instrumentalized feminist ideas. The best response, I claim, would be for feminists to break our ?dangerous liaison? with marketization and forge a principled new alliance with the forces of social protection. JEL classification codes: P51, Z13, J16, J71.

Suggested Citation

  • Nancy Fraser, 2010. "Marchandisation, protection sociale et émancipation. Les ambivalences du féminisme dans la crise du capitalisme," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 11-28.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_114_0011

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    feminism; gender; domination; emancipation; capitalism; crisis; marketization; social protection; Welfare State; justice;

    JEL classification:

    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing


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