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Emploi des mères et garde des jeunes enfants en Europe

Listed author(s):
  • Hélène Périvier

Working parents have two main solutions for their children : as far as these outside childcare options are concerned, European countries have generally implemented collective childcare systems public or private. The second solution is the parental leave; it can be either positive or negative on female participation to the labour market: it depends on its length, flexibility, indemnification... It is admitted that the most generous countries in terms of childcare systems are also those who have the highest mothers? employment rate. But the sense of the correlation is still debated. In a context where women still are in charge of domestic and family tasks, this paper concludes that it will not be possible to succeed in gender equality without implement available, affordable childcare systems.

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 90 (2004)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 225-258

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_090_0225
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-de-l-ofce.htm

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  1. Catherine Marry & Irène Fournier-Mearelli & Annick Kieffer, 1995. "Activité des jeunes femmes : héritages et transmissions," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 283(1), pages 67-79.
  2. James Albrecht & Anders Bjorklund & Susan Vroman, 2003. "Is There a Glass Ceiling in Sweden?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 145-177, January.
  3. Dominique Anxo & Lennart Flood & Yusuf Kocoglu, 2002. "Offre de travail et répartition des activités domestiques et parentales au sein du couple : une comparaison entre la France et la Suède," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 352(1), pages 127-150.
  4. Ross Stolzenberg & Linda Waite, 1984. "Local labor markets, children and labor force participation of wives," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 21(2), pages 157-170, May.
  5. Karsten Hank & Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2000. "Does the availability of childcare influence the employment of mothers? Findings from western Germany," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2000-003, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  6. Elina Pylkkänen & Nina Smith, 2003. "Career Interruptions Due to Parental Leave: A Comparative Study of Denmark and Sweden," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 1, OECD Publishing.
  7. Thomas Piketty, 1998. "L'impact des incitations financières au travail sur les comportements individuels : une estimation pour le cas français," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 132(1), pages 1-35.
  8. Catherine Hakim, 2001. "Les femmes obtiennent-elles ce qu'elles veulent ou se contentent-elles de ce qu'on leur propose ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 77(2), pages 297-306.
  9. Dominique Meurs & Sophie Ponthieux, 2000. "Une mesure de la discrimination dans l'écart de salaire entre hommes et femmes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 337(1), pages 135-158.
  10. Jean-Paul Sardon, 2002. "Évolution démographique récente des pays développés," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 57(1), pages 123-170.
  11. Philippe Choné & David le Blanc & Isabelle Robert-Bobée, 2003. "Female Labor Supply and Child Care in France," CESifo Working Paper Series 1059, CESifo Group Munich.
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