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Emploi des mères et garde des jeunes enfants en Europe

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  • Hélène Périvier

Abstract

Working parents have two main solutions for their children : as far as these outside childcare options are concerned, European countries have generally implemented collective childcare systems public or private. The second solution is the parental leave; it can be either positive or negative on female participation to the labour market: it depends on its length, flexibility, indemnification... It is admitted that the most generous countries in terms of childcare systems are also those who have the highest mothers? employment rate. But the sense of the correlation is still debated. In a context where women still are in charge of domestic and family tasks, this paper concludes that it will not be possible to succeed in gender equality without implement available, affordable childcare systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Hélène Périvier, 2004. "Emploi des mères et garde des jeunes enfants en Europe," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 90(3), pages 225-258.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_090_0225
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Catherine Marry & Irène Fournier-Mearelli & Annick Kieffer, 1995. "Activité des jeunes femmes : héritages et transmissions," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 283(1), pages 67-79.
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    4. Catherine Hakim, 2001. "Les femmes obtiennent-elles ce qu'elles veulent ou se contentent-elles de ce qu'on leur propose ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 77(2), pages 297-306.
    5. Dominique Meurs & Sophie Ponthieux, 2000. "Une mesure de la discrimination dans l'écart de salaire entre hommes et femmes," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 337(1), pages 135-158.
    6. Elina Pylkkänen & Nina Smith, 2003. "Career Interruptions Due to Parental Leave: A Comparative Study of Denmark and Sweden," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 1, OECD Publishing.
    7. Jean-Paul Sardon, 2002. "Évolution démographique récente des pays développés," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 57(1), pages 123-170.
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    9. Karsten Hank & Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2000. "Does the availability of childcare influence the employment of mothers? Findings from western Germany," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2000-003, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    10. Thomas Piketty, 1998. "L'impact des incitations financières au travail sur les comportements individuels : une estimation pour le cas français," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 132(1), pages 1-35.
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    Cited by:

    1. Leila Maron & Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai & Danièle Meulders, 2008. "Le congé parental en Belgique," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 51(2/3), pages 347-364.

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