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Vote par approbation, vote par note. Une expérimentation lors de l'élection présidentielle du 22 avril 2012


  • Antoinette Baujard
  • Frédéric Gavrel
  • Herrade Igersheim
  • Jean-François Laslier
  • Isabelle Lebon


During the first round of the French Presidential election of April 22nd, 2012, voters of three French municipalities were invited to test approval voting and three types of evaluation voting. This paper presents the main results of that experiment. After correction of the participation and representation biases, two major insights clearly arise. On the one hand, approval voting gives a ranking of candidates which is different from uninominal voting and, on the other hand, whatever the scale of scores, evaluation voting reinforces this difference. Classification JEL : C93, D72

Suggested Citation

  • Antoinette Baujard & Frédéric Gavrel & Herrade Igersheim & Jean-François Laslier & Isabelle Lebon, 2013. "Vote par approbation, vote par note. Une expérimentation lors de l'élection présidentielle du 22 avril 2012," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 64(2), pages 345-356.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_642_0006

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Antoinette Baujard & Frédéric Gavrel & Herrade Igersheim & Jean-François Laslier & Isabelle Lebon, 2013. "Who’s Favored by Evaluative Voting ? An Experiment Conducted During the 2012 French Presidential Election," Working Papers of BETA 2013-08, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    2. Michel Balinski & Rida Laraki, 2016. "Majority Judgment vs Majority Rule," Working Papers hal-01304043, HAL.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior


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