La production scientifique des enseignants-chercheurs en économie. Quelques résultats économétriques issus du dispositif PES
This paper studies the determinants of scientific productivity from an original database of French academic economists active in 2009. All individuals of this dataset were involved in the first experience of the “Prime d’Excellence Scientifique”. This academic competition was introduced by the french academic system to select best publishers and PhD supervisors. The context of this experience is conformed to the tournament theory. The scientific productivity was observed in a same period from 2005 to 2009 and competitors are ranking by their relative performance in publications with a same criteria. We test productivity regressions with censored data models, using quantity and quality measures of output. We control for individual characteristics, environmental context, initial publication performance and time allowed to alternative occupation like teaching, doctoral supervision, administrative and scientific responsibilities. Lotka’s law is confirmed and we do not reject the existence of a dynamic bias in promotion (Matthew effect) with age and tenure position. Classification JEL : J3, J4, C5, M5
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