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Une note sur la taxation ad valorem des produits polluants sur un marché vert

Author

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  • Dorothée Brécard

Abstract

This article studies the effects of a commodity tax on consumption and production behaviours in a green market and its implications for welfare components. The analysis rests on a review of vertical differentiation models assuming an ecological awareness of consumers. We distinguish two classes of models according to the assumption adopted on cost function of polluting firms. We show that an ad valorem tax decreases product differentiation and prices. Nevertheless, it reduces the consumers’ surplus and the firms’ profits and it increases the environmental damage. Only a lump sum redistribution of tax revenue may improve welfare. Classification JEL : D62, H21, L13, Q58

Suggested Citation

  • Dorothée Brécard, 2008. "Une note sur la taxation ad valorem des produits polluants sur un marché vert," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 59(3), pages 487-496.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_593_0487
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    Cited by:

    1. Klarl, Torben, 2013. "Consumer's Environmental Awareness and the Role of (Green) Entrepreneurship: Lessons from Environmental Quality Competition and R&D Activities for Environmental Policy," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79729, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    2. Dorothée Brécard, 2013. "Environmental Quality Competition and Taxation in the Presence of Green Network Effect Among Consumers," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 54(1), pages 1-19, January.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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