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Guerre et paix. Variations sur la notion de concurrence au siècle de Cournot

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  • Rodolphe Dos Santos Ferreira

Abstract

Cournot develops a notion of competition with two essential characteristics: producers’ non-cooperation and their coordination on a common price. Edgeworth adopts a cooperative approach while referring to another duality, recontracting and contract, which he associates with the antinomy war-peace. Both agree however to see in perfect competition no more than a limit case, where agents become insignificant. Jevons, by contrast, makes perfect competition into a rule extending to bilateral exchange, by carrying to the extreme the Cournotian principle of coordination on a common price, seen as non-manipulable. Walras takes over the same point of view, even if he acknowledges in competition the nature of a contest, although only during the “tâtonnement”. Bertrand and Launhardt magnify on the contrary the warlike dimension of competition, conceived as a struggle for market share. Classification JEL : B13, D41, D43, L10

Suggested Citation

  • Rodolphe Dos Santos Ferreira, 2004. "Guerre et paix. Variations sur la notion de concurrence au siècle de Cournot," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 55(3), pages 543-556.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_553_0543
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Burke, Jonathan L., 1990. "A benchmark for comparative dynamics and determinacy in overlapping-generations economies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 268-303, December.
    2. Blanchard, Olivier J, 1985. "Debt, Deficits, and Finite Horizons," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(2), pages 223-247, April.
    3. Boucekkine, Raouf & de la Croix, David & Licandro, Omar, 2002. "Vintage Human Capital, Demographic Trends, and Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, pages 340-375.
    4. Rebelo, Sergio, 1991. "Long-Run Policy Analysis and Long-Run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 500-521, June.
    5. Kehoe, Timothy J. & Levine, David K. & Mas-Colell, Andreu & Woodford, Michael, 1991. "Gross substitutability in large-square economies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 1-25, June.
    6. Azariadis, Costas & Bullard, James & Ohanian, Lee, 2004. "Trend-reverting fluctuations in the life-cycle model," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 119(2), pages 334-356, December.
    7. Weil, Philippe, 1989. "Overlapping families of infinitely-lived agents," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 183-198, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrés Álvarez, 2010. "Early Neoclassical views on Monopoly: the Cournotian heritage," REVISTA ECOS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT, January.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • B13 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Neoclassical through 1925 (Austrian, Marshallian, Walrasian, Wicksellian)
    • D41 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Perfect Competition
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General

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