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Investissement en capital humain en fonction des sexes


  • Claudine Attias-Donfut
  • Thomas Barnay


Gender relations have been affected recently by profound changes and by the evolution of the parental roles for men and women. This article deals with an important aspect of this evolution, most notably the parental investment in children’s education as well as the result of that investment on the level of success of children. We differentiate between the individual investment of the father and mother and its effect on their sons and daughters. This analysis relies on the data from a trigenerational study in France which brings a temporal perspective to this issue through the comparison of the different generations and the retrospective data that it includes. It shows that human capital transfers tends to produce gendered patterns. In effect, it demonstrates the privileged bond between fathers and sons and mothers and daughters. However, overall the mother is more globally involved in the education of her children than the father is. This study also emphasises the three main variables regarding the success of the children: the level of education of the parents, mainly the mothers; the amount of the active encouragement of their children’s education from both parents; and the place of the child vis-a-vis his or her sisters and brothers. Classification JEL : C42, D12, I29, J16

Suggested Citation

  • Claudine Attias-Donfut & Thomas Barnay, 2002. "Investissement en capital humain en fonction des sexes," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 53(4), pages 839-861.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_534_0839

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "Varieties of Crises and Their Dates," Introductory Chapters,in: This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly Princeton University Press.
    2. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2014. "This Time is Different: A Panoramic View of Eight Centuries of Financial Crises," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 15(2), pages 1065-1188, November.
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    4. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "Is the 2007 U.S. Sub-Prime Financial Crisis So Different? An International Historical Comparison," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 56(3), pages 291-299, September.
    5. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2010. "Growth in a Time of Debt," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 573-578, May.
    6. Reinhart, Karmen & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2009. ""This time is different": panorama of eight centuries of financial crises," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 1, pages 77-114, March.
    7. Oskar Morgenstern, 1959. "International Financial Transactions and Business Cycles," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number morg59-1, January.
    8. Willard Long Thorp, 1926. "Prefatory Note," NBER Chapters,in: Business Annals, pages 101-106 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Barnay, 2005. "Santé déclarée et cessation d'activité," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 20(2), pages 73-106.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C42 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Survey Methods
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • I29 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Other
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination


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