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Financial instability and economic cycles: A model of banking crisis


  • Karim Elasri
  • Nicolas Huchet


After the recent cross-border financial crisis, this paper aims to develop a new framework in order to portray the dynamics of current banking systems. In a dynamic model, international banks adopt different strategies of risk according to the economic cycle phases. It describes a mechanism by which even cautious entities are urged on adopting risky behaviors to remain competitive and attract capital. Such a new framework based on an uncommon (positive) approach is completed by simulations demonstrating that this process inexorably leads to a banking liquidity crisis, hence the importance of banking regulations for financial stability.

Suggested Citation

  • Karim Elasri & Nicolas Huchet, 2010. "Financial instability and economic cycles: A model of banking crisis," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 53(3/4), pages 393-413.
  • Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:2013/81139
    Note: Special Issue "26the Symposium on Money, Banking and Finance" Guest Editors :S├ębastien Galanti and Gr├ęgory Levieuge

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    More about this item


    Banking; Liquidity; Panic; Interbank market;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


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