A Proposed Decision Rule for the Timing of Soccer Substitutions
Managers in soccer face a critical in-game decision concerning player substitutions. While past research has investigated the overall effect of various strategy changes during the course of a match, no studies have focused solely on the crucial element of timing. This paper uses the data mining technique of decision trees to develop a decision rule to guide managers on when to make each of their three substitutes in a match. The proposed decision rule demonstrates between 38% and 47% effectiveness when followed versus 17% and 24% effectiveness when not followed based on over 1200 observations collected from some of the world’s top professional leagues and competitions.
Volume (Year): 8 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
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- Hirotsu Nobuyoshi & Ito Masamitsu & Miyaji Chikara & Hamano Koji & Taguchi Azuma, 2009. "Modeling Tactical Changes of Formation in Association Football as a Non-Zero-Sum Game," Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, De Gruyter, vol. 5(3), pages 1-15, July.
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