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Endogenous Distribution, Politics, and the Growth-Equity Tradeoff


  • Das Satya P

    () (Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi)

  • Ghate Chetan

    () (Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi)


In comparison to the standard literature on inequality and growth which assumes the former to be exogenous, we formulate a model in which inequality and growth are both endogenous. Long-run distribution, at least locally, is shown to be independent of the initial distribution of factor ownership. It is shown that exogenous policy changes that are primarily targeted towards growth and foster less inequality do enhance growth. But policies that are primarily redistributive and imply a more equal distribution reduce growth. This is consistent with recent empirical work which shows that inequality and growth may be positively related.

Suggested Citation

  • Das Satya P & Ghate Chetan, 2004. "Endogenous Distribution, Politics, and the Growth-Equity Tradeoff," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 1-32, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:contributions.4:y:2004:i:1:n:6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Oded Galor & Joseph Zeira, 1993. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(1), pages 35-52.
    2. Das, Satya P., 2001. "Endogenous distribution and the political economy of trade policy," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 465-491, September.
    3. Oded Galor & Omer Moav, 2000. "Das Human Kapital," Working Papers 2000-17, Brown University, Department of Economics.
    4. Kiminori Matsuyama, 2000. "Endogenous Inequality," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 67(4), pages 743-759.
    5. Loury, Glenn C, 1981. "Intergenerational Transfers and the Distribution of Earnings," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 843-867, June.
    6. Jones, Larry E & Manuelli, Rodolfo E, 1990. "A Convex Model of Equilibrium Growth: Theory and Policy Implications," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 1008-1038, October.
    7. Kristin J. Forbes, 2000. "A Reassessment of the Relationship between Inequality and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 869-887, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Graziella Bertocchi, 2011. "The Vanishing Bequest Tax: The Comparative Evolution Of Bequest Taxation In Historical Perspective," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(1), pages 107-131, March.
    2. Chakrabarty Debajyoti & Chanda Areendam & Ghate Chetan, 2006. "Education, Growth, and Redistribution in the Presence of Capital Flight," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(2), pages 1-41, November.
    3. Chetan Ghate, 2005. "Transitional Dynamics in a Growth Model with Distributive Politics," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 514, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Chetan Ghate, 2007. "Voting, Wealth Heterogeneity, and Endogenous Labor Supply," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 63(4), pages 477-497, December.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism


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