EMU: Optimal Fiscal Strategy and the Punishment Effectiveness
This paper investigates the ability of the Stability and Growth Pact to prevent governments in the "euro zone" from running excessive budget deficits. It is shown that in a static two-country game, the Pareto-optimal strategy of no excess deficits cannot be systematically enforced, whatever the toughness of the sanction under the Pact. However, in a multiperiod setting, the Pareto-optimal configuration of no excess deficits would prevail even if no sanctions were applied to deviant governments. In this case, neither a heavily punitive SGP, nor a centralized budget appears to be helpful in the EMU context. Copyright 2001 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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Volume (Year): 9 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
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