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Optimal Export Policy With Upstream Price Competition

Author

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  • Tomomichi Mizuno
  • Kazuhiro Takauchi

Abstract

We present a third‐market model with a vertical trading structure, in which upstream input suppliers engage in homogeneous price competition. We show that, under downstream Bertrand competition, a non‐monotonic export policy may result. Specifically, the optimal policy of the exporting country can turn into a tax–subsidy–tax as the degree of product substitutability rises. We also confirm the conventional result for which the optimal policy is an export subsidy (tax) if there is Cournot (Bertrand) competition downstream, provided that the number of domestic suppliers is at an intermediate level. We further discuss bilateral policy interventions when both exporting countries offer a subsidy/tax to their domestic downstream firms. We show that a non‐monotonic export policy (tax–subsidy–tax) can arise even in this extended setting.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomomichi Mizuno & Kazuhiro Takauchi, 2020. "Optimal Export Policy With Upstream Price Competition," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(2), pages 324-348, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:manchs:v:88:y:2020:i:2:p:324-348
    DOI: 10.1111/manc.12278
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yasushi Kawabata, 2010. "Strategic Export Policy In Vertically Related Markets," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 62(2), pages 109-131, April.
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    4. Winston W. Chang & Hajime Sugeta, 2004. "Conjectural Variations, Market Power, and Optimal Trade Policy in a Vertically Related Industry," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 12-26, February.
    5. Krishnendu Dastidar, 2001. "Collusive outcomes in price competition," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 73(1), pages 81-93, February.
    6. Brander, James A. & Spencer, Barbara J., 1985. "Export subsidies and international market share rivalry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1-2), pages 83-100, February.
    7. Giuseppe Francesco Gori & Luca Lambertini & Alessandro Tampieri, 2014. "Trade costs, FDI incentives, and the intensity of price competition," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 10(4), pages 371-385, December.
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    9. Yasushi Kawabata, 2012. "Cost Asymmetries And Industrial Policy In Vertically Related Markets," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 80(6), pages 633-649, December.
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    11. Jonathan Eaton & Gene M. Grossman, 1986. "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy Under Oligopoly," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(2), pages 383-406.
    12. Ishikawa, Jota & Spencer, Barbara J., 1999. "Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 199-232, August.
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    14. Marie‐Laure Cabon‐Dhersin & Nicolas Drouhin, 2014. "Tacit Collusion in a One‐Shot Game of Price Competition with Soft Capacity Constraints," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(2), pages 427-442, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Takauchi, Kazuhiro & Mizuno, Tomomichi, 2020. "Endogenous transport price, R&D spillovers, and trade," MPRA Paper 102391, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kazuhiro Takauchi & Tomomichi Mizuno, 2019. "Is competition in the transport industry bad?A welfare analysis of R&D with inter-regional transportation," Discussion Papers 1910, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection

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