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Functional, Overlapping, Competing, Jurisdictions and Ethnic Conflict Management

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  • Andreas P. Kyriacou

Abstract

By allowing ethnic groups to organize areas important to them regardless of their geographic distribution, functional, overlapping and competing jurisdictions (FOCJ) have an important role to play in the management of ethnic conflict in plural societies. The functional devolution of powers which is intrinsic to FOCJ may be preferable to territorial devolution when minority groups are spatially dispersed or, when they are geographically concentrated but are in a numerical minority in their region. Even when minority groups are in a majority in their region functional rather than territorial devolution may dampen secessionist fears among members of the majority. A case can also be made for a degree of functional devolution to complement territorial devolution when territorial devolution to protect one minority leaves other ethnic groups in a minority situation. The application of FOCJ to the area of ethnic conflict management calls for institutional structures which take into account the possible efficiency of the monopoly supply of some public goods, the need to maintain 'competitive equality' among jurisdictions and the danger that the functional devolution which is inherent to FOCJ may harden group boundaries over time. Copyright 2006 Blackwell Publishing Ltd..

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  • Andreas P. Kyriacou, 2006. "Functional, Overlapping, Competing, Jurisdictions and Ethnic Conflict Management," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 59(1), pages 63-83, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:kyklos:v:59:y:2006:i:1:p:63-83
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    1. Galeotti, Gianluigi & Breton, Albert, 1986. "An Economic Theory of Political Parties," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(1), pages 47-65.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bruno Frey, 2013. "European unification: a new proposal," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 285-294, December.
    2. Bruno S. Frey, 2009. "A Multiplicity of Approaches to Institutional Analysis. Applications to the Government and the Arts," CREMA Working Paper Series 2009-12, Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA).

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