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Intergenerational Allocation of Government Expenditures: Externalities and Optimal Taxation

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  • KAZI IQBAL
  • STEPHEN J. TURNOVSKY

Abstract

This paper studies optimal capital and labor income taxes when the benefits of public goods are age-dependent. Provided the government can impose a consumption tax, it can attain the first-best resource allocation. This involves the uniform taxation of the cohorts' labor income and a zero capital income tax. With no consumption tax and optimally chosen government spending, labor income should be taxed nonuniformly across cohorts and the capital income tax should be nonzero. Deviations of the public goods from their respective optima create distortions. These affect the labor supply decisions of both cohorts and capital accumulation, providing a further reason to tax (or subsidize) capital income. Copyright 2008 Blackwell Publishing, Inc..

Suggested Citation

  • Kazi Iqbal & Stephen J. Turnovsky, 2008. "Intergenerational Allocation of Government Expenditures: Externalities and Optimal Taxation," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 10(1), pages 27-53, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jpbect:v:10:y:2008:i:1:p:27-53
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    1. Tom Sefton, 2004. "A Fair Share of Welfare: Public Spending on Children in England," CASE Reports casereport25, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
    2. Erosa, Andres & Gervais, Martin, 2002. "Optimal Taxation in Life-Cycle Economies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 105(2), pages 338-369, August.
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    6. Turnovsky, Stephen J., 2000. "Fiscal policy, elastic labor supply, and endogenous growth," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 185-210, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gaumont, D. & Leonard, D., 2010. "Human capital, externalities and growth in an overlapping generations model," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(3), pages 186-200, September.
    2. Květa Kubátová, 2009. "Optimal Taxation - Review of Theory," Český finanční a účetní časopis, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2009(3), pages 24-36.
    3. Altar, Moisa & Necula, Ciprian & Bobeica, Gabriel, 2008. "Modeling The Economic Growth In Romania. The Influence Of Fiscal Regimes," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 5(4), pages 146-160, December.

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