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Security Concentration and Active Fund Management: Do Focused Funds Offer Superior Performance?


  • Travis Sapp
  • Xuemin (Sterling) Yan


We examine gross fund returns based on the number of securities held and find no evidence that focused funds outperform diversified funds. After deducting expenses, focused funds significantly underperform. Controlling for various fund characteristics, fund performance is positively related to the fund's number of holdings both before and after expenses. We find evidence linking focused fund underperformance to agency and liquidity problems. Finally, the attrition rate of focused funds is higher than that of diversified funds. These results do not support the view that managers holding focused portfolios have superior stock-picking skills or that focused funds provide value to investors. Copyright 2008, The Eastern Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Travis Sapp & Xuemin (Sterling) Yan, 2008. "Security Concentration and Active Fund Management: Do Focused Funds Offer Superior Performance?," The Financial Review, Eastern Finance Association, vol. 43(1), pages 27-49, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:finrev:v:43:y:2008:i:1:p:27-49

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    Cited by:

    1. Pei-I Chou & Chia-Hao Lee, 2012. "Is Concentration a Good Idea? Evidence from Active Fund Management," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 19(1), pages 23-41, March.
    2. Ding, Haoyuan & Zheng, Huanhuan & Zhu, Chenqi, 2015. "Equity funds in emerging Asia: Does size matter?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 149-165.
    3. Hiraki, Takato & Liu, Ming & Wang, Xue, 2015. "Country and industry concentration and the performance of international mutual funds," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 297-310.

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