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Offshoring Production: A Simple Model Of Wages, Productivity, And Growth

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  • COLIN DAVIS
  • ALIREZA NAGHAVI

Abstract

We examine the relationship between o¤shoring and the labour market in an occupational choice model of trade and endogenous growth where workers are employed on the basis of their individual skill levels. Trade liberalization leads to o¤shoring and reduces employment in the manufacturing sector. Displaced workers move into the traditional and innovation sectors ac- cording to their skill levels, shaping real wages and aggregate productivity in the manufacturing sector. The paper aims to show how inter-sectoral labour market adjustments, highlighted by skill heterogeneity, could be a possible explanation for the simultaneous rise in productivity and reduction in real wages that have coincided with the sharp escalation of o¤shoring activities in the US manufacturing sector since 2004.
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Suggested Citation

  • Colin Davis & Alireza Naghavi, 2011. "Offshoring Production: A Simple Model Of Wages, Productivity, And Growth," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(2), pages 334-348, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecinqu:v:49:y:2011:i:2:p:334-348
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Daniel Horgos & Lucia Tajoli, 2015. "How Offshoring Can Affect the Industries’ Skill Composition," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(2), pages 1-28, May.
    2. da Silveira, Giovani J.C., 2014. "An empirical analysis of manufacturing competitive factors and offshoring," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 163-173.
    3. Ken-ichi Hashimoto, 2015. "Tariffs, Offshoring and Unemployment in A Two-Country Model," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 66(3), pages 371-392, September.
    4. Alireza Naghavi & Chiara Strozzi, "undated". "Intellectual Property Rights and Diaspora Knowledge Networks," Development Working Papers 380, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano.
    5. Giammario Impullitti, 2016. "Global Innovation Races, Offshoring and Wage Inequality," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(1), pages 171-202, February.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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