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Companies in the crisis: initial findings from a European survey


  • C. Jadeau.
  • E. Jousselin.
  • S. Roux.
  • G. Verdugo.


As part of a survey conducted by the European Central Bank (ECB) in partnership with 25 national central banks (NCBs) from European Union (EU) countries, the Banque de France contacted 1,156 French companies to find out how the crisis had impacted their business environment and wage practices between 2010 and 2013.

Suggested Citation

  • C. Jadeau. & E. Jousselin. & S. Roux. & G. Verdugo., 2015. "Companies in the crisis: initial findings from a European survey," Quarterly selection of articles - Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 39, pages 17-26, Autumn.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:quarte:2015:39:02

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    WDN; survey of wage dynamics; crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles


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