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Análisis sectorial de la función de emparejamiento en Colombia: eficiencia del Servicio Público de Empleo

Author

Listed:
  • Lizeth Paola Riveros Castro

    () (Magister en Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia)

Abstract

El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar el funcionamiento del mercado de trabajo colombiano e identificar algunas fricciones que lo afectan a nivel agregado, departamental y de agentes, a través de la estimación de la función de emparejamiento, usando los datos mensuales del Servicio Público de Empleo (SPE) de febrero a noviembre de 2014. Este trabajo es la primera aproximación a la estimación de la función de matching del mercado laboral colombiano. De la comparación entre modelos estimados se concluye que: 1) las fricciones son mayores para las firmas que para los desempleados; 2) la función estimada por los métodos tradicionales está sesgada; 3) existe evidencia de retornos constantes a escala; 4) las interacciones se producen primero en las regiones y con menor relevancia por las características de los agentes; 5) el modelo stock-flow no se ajusta en varias estimaciones, y 6) el modelo más robusto es el lineal dinámico.

Suggested Citation

  • Lizeth Paola Riveros Castro, 2017. "Análisis sectorial de la función de emparejamiento en Colombia: eficiencia del Servicio Público de Empleo," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 35(83), pages 101-129, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:35:y:2017:i:83:p:101-129
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    Keywords

    Estimación función de emparejamiento; Centro de empleo; Mercado laboral colombiano; Modelo lineal dinámico;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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