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Adjusting to the Commodity-Price Boom: The Experiences of Four Industrialized Countries

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Between 2002 and 2008, global commodity prices rose to unprecedented levels. This article examines the process of adjustment to the commodity boom in four industrialized, commodity-exporting countries (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and Norway). The article focuses on both the direct adjustment within the commodity-producing sectors (via increased employment and capital spending) and the indirect adjustment in the macro economy. The analysis finds that the indirect adjustment process, which was triggered by the increase in incomes that the commodity-price boom generated, has been the most important part of the adjustment in all four economies. Through this channel, aggregate demand rose, exchange rates appreciated, and adjustment was facilitated in other sectors, such as manufacturing and construction.

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  • Michael Francis, 2008. "Adjusting to the Commodity-Price Boom: The Experiences of Four Industrialized Countries," Bank of Canada Review, Bank of Canada, vol. 2008(Autumn), pages 31-43.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bcarev:v:2008:y:2008:i:autumn08:p:31-43
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    1. Ellis Connolly & Jarkko Jääskelä & Michelle van der Merwe, 2013. "The Performance of Resource-exporting Economies," RBA Bulletin, Reserve Bank of Australia, pages 19-30, September.
    2. Aqib Aslam & Samya Beidas-Strom & Rudolfs Bems & Oya Celasun & Sinem Kılıç Çelik & Zsoka Koczan, 2016. "Trading on Their Terms? Commodity Exporters in the Aftermath of the Commodity Boom," IMF Working Papers 16/27, International Monetary Fund.
    3. International Monetary Fund, 2014. "Australia; Staff Report for 2013 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia," IMF Staff Country Reports 14/51, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Luis N. Lanteri, 2015. "Efectos de la enfermedad holandesa ('Dutch disease'). Alguna evidencia para Argentina," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO, vol. 18(2), pages 187-209, December.

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