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Agricultural Vegetal Waste – Resource For Risk Mitigation In Global Warming Condition

Author

Listed:
  • Iuliana DOBRE

    () (Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Faculty of Agro-Food and Environmental Economics, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Stefania Daniela BRAN

    () (POLYTECHNICS University, The Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, Bucharest, Romania)

Abstract

The vegetal wastes are secondary products from agricultural activities which mostly remain chaotically into the soil. As result vegetal waste disrupts technological process. Generally, the secondary products are unvalued because of lack of financial resources or means work of farmers. Many farmers have this behavior, especially they who own small agricultural areas. Cellulosic content of waste i.e. straws, corncobs represents an important source of energy which must be used. Referring to this noted that exist an energetic rich from cereals grains and from the ratio of main production and secondary ones. The issue of unused wastes is neglect for this resource. These aspects characterizes as we said smaller farms which are the numerous. The loss is magnified even more with how these products can be obtained from ethanol, butanol or other compounds that may be fuel or raw materials for chemical industry. Worldwide, specialist research has shown that the use of bioethanol instead of fossil fuel can reduce CO2 emanations, which is the cause of global warming. In this context, it is indicated release of processes for the implementation of measures to combat climate change. In this order until 2020 European Union propose all the states members that 20% of energy used to be ensured by renewable including secondary products from agriculture. This paper emphasizes the relevance of vegetal wastes as significant resource for risk mitigation in agriculture from global warming point of view. To that evaluation of vegetal waste was studied. Also, the paper aim are to s ow how can be make conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol and how can e combated the greenhouse effect. In this respect procedures and statistical data as used.

Suggested Citation

  • Iuliana DOBRE & Stefania Daniela BRAN, 2015. "Agricultural Vegetal Waste – Resource For Risk Mitigation In Global Warming Condition," Internal Auditing and Risk Management, Athenaeum University of Bucharest, vol. 39(1), pages 21-30, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ath:journl:v:39:y:2015:i:1:p:21-30
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    vegetal wastes; secondary products; bioethanol; lignocellulosic biomass; climate change;

    JEL classification:

    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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