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Monetary Integration, From Theory To Practice


  • Laura-Cristina IVANESCU

    (National Bank of Romania)


Started in the second half of the 19th century with the creation of the Latin Monetary Union (1865), the European integration has often outrun the economic theories, due to the visionary minds of its initiators that have placed the economic and monetary integration process, from the very beginning, on the track of the success. This is meant to be an overview of the main moments of the integration process, also from the perspective of the theoretical aspects, followed by an in-depth analysis of the structure and functioning mechanism of the present monetary pillar which is the European System of Central Banks. It will also analyse the evolution of the Community priorities, from the beginning till the present challenges put into light by the financial crisis i.e. the reinforcement of the European architecture through the expansion of the fiscal measures beyond the Pact’s present requirements and the strengthening of the macroeconomic governance.

Suggested Citation

  • Laura-Cristina IVANESCU, 2011. "Monetary Integration, From Theory To Practice," Internal Auditing and Risk Management, Athenaeum University of Bucharest, vol. 23(3), pages 39-50, september.
  • Handle: RePEc:ath:journl:tome:23:v:3:y:2011:i:23:p:39-50

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    economic integration; monetray integration; European Central Bank; financial crisis; European Union; European System of Central Banks;

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


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