IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

International Health Tourism


  • Alexandru Constantin


This article gives an overview of the current developments in the medical tourism industry. It describes the globalization of medical tourism and argues that the overall increase in the flow of patients and health professionals, and medical technology, capital funding and regulatory regimes across national borders has triggered new patterns of consumption and production of healthcare services. This is illustrated with brief summaries presenting the state of medical tourism in various countries across the globe.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandru Constantin, 2015. "International Health Tourism," International Journal for Responsible Tourism, Fundatia Amfiteatru, vol. 4(1), pages 59-72, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:amf:ijrtfa:v:4:y:2015:i:1:p:59-72

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Connell, John, 2013. "Contemporary medical tourism: Conceptualisation, culture and commodification," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 1-13.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. McKercher, Bob, 2016. "Towards a taxonomy of tourism products," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 196-208.
    2. Csapó János & Marton Gergely, 2017. "The Role and Importance of Spa and Wellness Tourism in Hungary's Tourism Industry," Czech Journal of Tourism, Sciendo, vol. 6(1), pages 55-68, June.
    3. Stuti Jha, 2020. "Impact of Home Country Terrorism on Medical Tourism in India January 2020," International Journal of Asian Social Science, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 10(8), pages 407-416, August.
    4. Elena Pessot & Daniele Spoladore & Andrea Zangiacomi & Marco Sacco, 2021. "Natural Resources in Health Tourism: A Systematic Literature Review," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(5), pages 1-17, March.
    5. Moghavvemi, Sedigheh & Ormond, Meghann & Musa, Ghazali & Mohamed Isa, Che Ruhana & Thirumoorthi, Thinaranjeney & Bin Mustapha, Mohd Zulkhairi & Kanapathy, Kanagi A./P. & Chiremel Chandy, Jacob John, 2017. "Connecting with prospective medical tourists online: A cross-sectional analysis of private hospital websites promoting medical tourism in India, Malaysia and Thailand," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 154-163.
    6. Han, Heesup & Hyun, Sunghyup Sean, 2015. "Customer retention in the medical tourism industry: Impact of quality, satisfaction, trust, and price reasonableness," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 20-29.
    7. Yongrok Choi & Zamira Ashurova & Hyoungsuk Lee, 2021. "Sustainable Governance on the Intention of Medical Tourism in Uzbekistan," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(12), pages 1-18, June.
    8. Chuang, Thomas C. & Liu, John S. & Lu, Louis Y.Y. & Lee, Yachi, 2014. "The main paths of medical tourism: From transplantation to beautification," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 49-58.
    9. Salman Majeed & Changbao Lu & Mahwash Majeed & Muahmmad Naeem Shahid, 2018. "Health Resorts and Multi-Textured Perceptions of International Health Tourists," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-26, April.
    10. Mohammad Jamal Khan & Firoz Khan & Saba Amin & Shankar Chelliah, 2020. "Perceived Risks, Travel Constraints, and Destination Perception: A Study on Sub-Saharan African Medical Travellers," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(7), pages 1-16, April.
    11. Skountridaki, Lila, 2017. "Barriers to business relations between medical tourism facilitators and medical professionals," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 254-266.
    12. Bochaton, Audrey, 2015. "Cross-border mobility and social networks: Laotians seeking medical treatment along the Thai border," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 364-373.
    13. Fetscherin, Marc & Stephano, Renee-Marie, 2016. "The medical tourism index: Scale development and validation," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 539-556.
    14. Jacek Borzyszkowski & Adrian Lubowiecki-Vikuk, 2019. "Destination Management Organizations and Health Tourism Visual Identification in Central and Eastern Europe," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(4), pages 241-261.
    15. Ruggeri, Kai & Ivanović, Nevena & Razum, Josip & Kácha, Ondřej & Menezes, Igor G. & Zafari, Zafar & Garcia-Garzon, Eduardo, 2018. "An evidence-based policy for improving choice in global health access through medical travel," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 122(12), pages 1372-1376.
    16. Meghann Ormond, 2015. "En route : Transport and Embodiment in International Medical Travel Journeys Between Indonesia and Malaysia," Mobilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(2), pages 285-303, April.
    17. Neil Lunt & Daniel Horsfall & Johanna Hanefeld, 2015. "The shaping of contemporary medical tourism and patient mobility," Chapters, in: Neil Lunt & Daniel Horsfall & Johanna Hanefeld (ed.), Handbook on Medical Tourism and Patient Mobility, chapter 1, pages 3-15, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    18. Hanefeld, J. & Lunt, N. & Smith, R. & Horsfall, D., 2015. "Why do medical tourists travel to where they do? The role of networks in determining medical travel," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 356-363.
    19. Boeger, Zakea, 2020. "Incorporating mammography into an overseas referral metric: Tongan doctors’ assessments of patient eligibility for medical travel," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 254(C).
    20. de la Hoz-Correa, Andrea & Muñoz-Leiva, Francisco & Bakucz, Márta, 2018. "Past themes and future trends in medical tourism research: A co-word analysis," Tourism Management, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 200-211.

    More about this item


    medical tourism; globalization; international trends in tourism;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • Z3 - Other Special Topics - - Tourism Economics


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:amf:ijrtfa:v:4:y:2015:i:1:p:59-72. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Raluca Eftimie (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.