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Green public procurement in practice — The case of Norway


  • Annik Magerholm Fet

    () (Norwegian University of Science and Technology Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management Trondheim Norway)

  • Ottar Michelsen

    () (Norwegian University of Science and Technology The Industrial Ecology Programme Trondheim Norway)

  • Luitzen Boer

    () (Norwegian University of Science and Technology Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management Trondheim Norway)


Green procurement is seen both as a public strategy to promote sustainable products and as a business strategy to improve environmental performance of the supply chain and thus meet demands for more environmentally friendly products, including from public institutions. Green Public Procurement (GPP) is a part of the national strategy for sustainable development in Norway, and it has become a national policy through legislation and various initiatives from the government. In addition to the implemented Acts, several other public initiatives are introduced, among other guidelines and action plans about how to integrate environmental and social responsibility in public procurement. The government has also presented a number of white papers relevant for green public purchasing. The documents stress the focus on environmental and ethical issues in public procurements. This paper gives an overview and the results from different surveys of how it is practiced on different levels. It further gives a short overview of how to meet the requirements by the use of environmental management systems and environmental product declarations. The paper ends with a suggestion for further research on how to approach GPP in a holistic and systematic way, addressing the often used statement that green procurement will be more costly.

Suggested Citation

  • Annik Magerholm Fet & Ottar Michelsen & Luitzen Boer, 2011. "Green public procurement in practice — The case of Norway," Society and Economy, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 33(1), pages 183-198, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:aka:soceco:v:33:y:2011:i:1:p:183-198
    Note: The research has been supported by the Norwegian Financial Mechanism (project HU-0056).

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    More about this item


    Green Public Procurement; Norwegian initiatives; GPP-measures; environmental management; environmental products declarations;

    JEL classification:

    • H57 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Procurement
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General


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